Structured data play an increasingly important role in the high information content of the SERPs as you know them today. Didn’t you also like to click on a search result with rating stars yourself, or have you already been inspired by a delicious cooking recipe in the SERPs? But how does this data get into the SERPs, and what can you do about it? What is Structured Data? This structured data guide gives you all the essential answers to these questions.
What Is Structured Data?
It enables search engines to record and quickly process large amounts of information. At the same time, the structured data markup helps search engines better understand website information. Various formats are available to recognize this data, which are recognized by conventional search engines. So there are specific standards for generating structured data. You can understand the marking of this data for search engines better with this example: Let’s suppose you draw a picture. Various elements are already clearly visible on this. To ensure that all viewers immediately recognize what it is, you add small post-it notes to the components of your picture. Categories and the associated designation are on these notes. For example, if you draw a table, you could have a tag saying “Furniture: Table” on it.
Search engines like Google can benefit hugely from the “delivery” of structured data because they can process it themselves to present users with perfectly fitting search results.
Where Does Google Use Structured Data in the SERPs?
Almost every time you do a Google search, it uses structured data. Google is continually testing new display options and expanding its skills in dealing with this data. Here are some examples of this data in Google SERPs:
- Recipes: Google can read out recipe information provided with markup and pictures of recipes and prepare the data for the snippet in the SERPs.
- Rich Video Snippets: These videos show up with a play button directly in the Google SERPs. The user learns when and by whom the video was published and how long it is.
- Info for current films: Google can extract the presentation times of films from existing, structured data and display them in the SERPs.
- Rich snippets for event dates: If events appear correctly, Google can use this information to display rich snippets.
- Google Featured Snippets: With Featured Snippets, Google provides its users with quick and easy answers to specific questions. Google also uses this data to answer these questions.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Even if you label the content on your website with specific formats for displaying structured data, there is no guarantee that Google will take this into account. However, using correct syntax and designation in the markup is a prerequisite for being able to display it.
The Importance of Structured Data
As you can see from the examples above, it offers you the opportunity to become more noticeable in the SERPs. For example, users can click on your snippet by displaying rating stars, images, or price information in the SERPs. By using this data, the CTR in the SERPs can increase sustainably. You should not underestimate this effect. The best thing to do is consider your experience when searching for articles. Wouldn’t you instead click on a search result with an image or a star rating?
Google is now very good at reading out and processing content on websites. Keep in mind that you’re not just making it easier for Google to index information with the help of markup. Therefore, pay attention to the following aspects when optimizing on-page:
- Use bullet point lists for a summary of product or article highlights.
- Create overview tables for product comparisons.
- Label your headings sensibly with h-tags.
- Offer Google short definitions and summaries on specific issues.
- Formulate particular questions in headings. Use questions that a user could ask.
As you can see, there are other options besides structured data to make it easier for users and Google to find information. Therefore, you should not lose sight of these aspects in your efforts for it.
What Formats Are There For Structured Data?
There are various ways to mark up this data type on your website. Google suggests using schema.org for this. All possible variants for marking content with microdata have descriptions there. However, Google also mentions that Google also uses not all properties described on schema.org.
Google currently supports the following markups: editorial articles, Navigation paths, Books, Carousel display, Company contact, Courses, Critic reviews, Records, Assessment of employers, Events, Fact checks, vacancies, Livestream, Local businesses, logos, media, job, product, Q&A side, recipe, Reviews, Sitelinks with the search field, Software app, Videos.
Google supports the following formats:
- Microdata: Microdata is HTML elements that mark a website’s visible text. The elements always refer to a so-called “Type,” which contains various “Properties.”
- RDFa: This format is an extension of HTML 5. The HTML attributes are added to the visible text elements.
If you are not sure about your coding skills, don’t worry. There are many plugins and tools to create them. You can use Dopinger’s Schema Markup Generator tool.
Usage For e-Commerce Websites
If you run an online shop, you should use it for products. You can use it to mark ratings, prices, price ranges, and availability. It is, of course, essential that the products also receive ratings. Therefore, you should provide evaluation options in advance.
Google can now also display this data in Google image search. With markup, you increase the chances of your products’ click rate there.
Structured Data For Local SEO
It is particularly useful for local companies. Google can then use this data in Google Maps and web searches. You must observe the NAP rule and always give the company name, address, and telephone number the same way.
You must follow specific guidelines to make Google search results use your structured data. Anyone who violates Google guidelines and uses the data for spam purposes risks losing rankings.
- Use RDFa, Microdata, or JSON-LD to mark it.
- Let Googlebot crawl your data. Therefore, ensure that the robots.txt or a no-index tag does not delay the crawling.
- Make sure that the content you have awarded is up-to-date and correct.
- Consider the general webmaster guidelines. You should learn the details about what are the Google Webmaster guidelines.
- Do not post fake reviews or ratings.
- Do not mark any illegal content.
- Use all the required properties.
- If possible, use all recommended properties.
- Try to use the most suitable type and property names from schema.org for your content.
- If you mark pictures, they must be crawlable and indexable.
- All other elements must be marked with markup if you mark elements in lists.
- You can find a detailed overview of the guidelines for this data type from Google here.
With structured data, you can sustainably improve your presence in Google SERPs and make it more attractive to users. For this purpose, you should mark relevant data with markup. For all the awards, don’t forget the basic SEO rules. Because this data type only makes sense if the content is up-to-date and offers users extra value. But if that is the case, structured data is the freestyle for your OnPage optimization!