E-commerce stands for electronic commerce, and refers to the buying and selling of goods or services over the internet. It involves online transactions between businesses (B2B), businesses and consumers (B2C), and even between consumers (C2C). E-commerce has become a significant component of modern commerce due to the widespread use of the internet and digital technologies.
Do you mostly rely on the Internet to buy whatever you need? Have you already sold something online yourself? Or do you plan to launch a virtual store with actual results and profit? That’s right; we will be talking about eCommerce in today’s article. Probably no one would deny that it’s the most strikingly growing trend of the last few decades worldwide. Saying that the Web is a whole marketplace by itself sounds almost like a pleonasm, don’t you think? So let’s discover together how electronic commerce does work. First, it would probably be a good idea to understand what the term means. Then we should also talk about the different models before giving you the essential tips to create your online business.
Let’s get back to the main title of our article: what is eCommerce? What is e-commerce definition? What is eCommerce business? Sometimes also spelled as ecommerce or e-commerce, the eCommerce definition stands for electronic commerce. Broadly speaking, eCommerce meaning refers to any kind of trade carried out through an electronic/online environment such as the Internet. The parties involved (usually a seller and a buyer) don’t have to meet physically. Depending on the context, they can finalize every transaction step electronically (order placement, payment, follow-up, etc.). However, the concept is not limited to a simple sale/purchase procedure. We will see why later on. Also, remember when we said a few decades in the introductory paragraph? It wasn’t an exaggeration.
Electronic commerce has an already half-century-old history behind it, given that the first attempt is traced back to 1971. ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), considered the Internet’s ancestor, was most likely the first interface to conduct a virtual sale. The experiment was about some… cannabis trade between two university institutes in the United States. Another country, France, used to swear by Minitel throughout the 1980s and 1990s. This was a videotex online service connected to telephone lines. Almost every French household had one. It was the go-to tool for innumerable activities, from shopping to the annual school registration of the kids. So, in fact (and all the more with today’s upgraded versions), eCommerce business encompasses many varieties of exchange and interaction.
Models of eCommerce
So what are the types of e-commerce? We have previously hinted at the fact that it’s not only about selling and buying. One has to also take into account the core structure of the exchange. Is it a direct one, carried out via retailing (from the seller to the customer)? Is there a hosting entity or information system involved, as is the case with electronic markets? One’s initiatives and strategies will depend on the answers given to such questions. When it comes to models per se, we may distinguish the following ones:
- Business-to-consumer (B2C)
- Business-to-business (B2B)
- Consumer-to-business (C2B)
- Consumer-to-consumer (C2C)
- Business-to-administration (B2A)
- Consumer-to-administration (C2A)
We won’t expose the details of each one here since we want this article to be somewhat in a ‘beginner’s guide’ spirit. By doing so, we hope to help a greater number of readers at once. We strongly recommend you explore each model’s inherent requirements and subtleties, though. See which one(s) fit(s) your objectives best. Many online resources focus separately on each.
So what should you do in order to launch and grow your online commerce? Have you already thought about it or maybe even made your first steps? Here are the basic suggestions that we would like to share with you:
Select Your Niche
This may sound too simply obvious. Well, let us tell you that it is not. At all. There’s a common mistake that many aspiring entrepreneurs keep making nowadays. They get overly excited about a dozen internet-based business ideas waltzing in their minds. So they want to invest immediately in all of them at once. This approach is wrong, as can be. Sorry if it seems boring, but moderation, focus, and patience are the keys to long-lasting success. Take it easy, and don’t try to promote hair dye, polyethylene pipes, and taco sauce at the same time. You won’t possess an all-in-one empire overnight unless you have inherited it from a multimillionaire uncle.
Decide selectively and realistically what you can produce and/or sell. If there will be several products, make sure that they are somewhat relevant to one another (e.g., shampoo and conditioner). Be aware of your area of expertise. Speaking of producing, do you have the means of producing something on your own? Or would selling an already available product be a more manageable choice in your case? Will you commercialize material products or rather ideas (e.g., teaching activities)? Many questions indeed, but in the long run, you will be happy for having taken the time to answer them.
Similarly, you will also have to think about your eCommerce site model, as already mentioned previously. For instance, you should know whether you are going to deal directly with consumers or rather with other companies.
Several factors should be considered when making up your mind. One of the most essential is the level of competition. Don’t pick a business type already saturated with a huge amount of competitors. But don’t aim for a desert island, either. Make sure at least that it has some similarities with already existing niches.
Check Your Supply Potential
This subtitle will have different meanings depending on what you have decided to sell. We assume you want your e-commerce website business to live long and prosper. In other words, you are probably aiming for an activity that will last longer than a few weeks or months. Thus you have to check your resources and be sure you will be constantly supplied. This is one of the crucial aspects determining the feasibility of your project.
Are you planning to sell your expertise and knowledge through an online course? Great. Do you think you won’t need any assets for this kind of job? Not so great. Even when your primary business tool is yourself, well, you still have to update… yourself. You will fizzle out quickly if you hope to conduct only teaching or coaching activities with your old acquisitions. To refresh your intellectual capital and know-how, ensuring that they fit today’s context. Don’t hesitate to invest in additional training courses to learn more about your field.
Will you rather commercialize tangible goods? Here again, you should look at the bigger picture. Let’s suppose that you have decided to go for one of the latest trends, like natural hair dye products. Are you able to make them yourself? Namely, do you have a garden or another place where you can cultivate henna? Or would collaborating with an external producer and/or manufacturer be better? What if you receive big orders? Have you started looking for a distributor that can allow you to work within a wholesale system? You should also think about the aspects related to delivery. So yes… another bunch of questions to brainstorm about.
Build Your Persona
Sure, you will certainly have to work on buyer personas, aka virtual customer models. Those will help you determine your target audience. But what we are pointing out here is your persona. In Jungian terms, that’s the part of yourself (‘social mask’) you present to the outside world. We may also call it your ‘business image’ in this context. Indeed, you will need to build a specific image to nurture your eCommerce efforts. This process comprises several steps. First, choose a name for your company and/or brand (the two may sometimes be different). It doesn’t have to be necessarily short. However, it should definitely be original and easy to remember.
Then come the logo and the slogan. These have to be compatible with your name and products/services. Easier said than done, though. If you lack inspiration or experience, don’t hesitate to contact a marketing agency. Field experts can help you design your brand from A to Z. Plus, this can be an opportunity for you to start thinking about your overall marketing strategy. For example, social media is usually excellent for promoting eCommerce initiatives. But it also requires being aware of some subtleties in order to be successful. A marketing professional or even a creative team can show you the way and make things more straightforward. You can read our how to create a brand article to get going!
Legalize Your Business
No standard formula here. This is because the legal procedures will also largely depend on the country where you live and/or work. So please carefully examine the local legislation that applies to your business. Don’t omit any detail, nor listen to some supposedly cunning people claiming that it’s alright to cheat the law. Sure, you can save a few pennies and hours of work if you decide to cheat. But trust us, the price that you would have to pay in the long run is always much higher. If you want to avoid any remorse in the future, just build your eCommerce on a reliable and transparent basis.
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Even if we can’t give a precise list applicable to all locations, we can still recap some common elements. Launching an electronic commerce activity usually requires the following:
- Registering a unique domain name usable for your online store.
- Selecting the appropriate legal structure (limited liability company/LLC, joint-stock, corporation, partnership, etc.).
- Getting a professional identification and tax number (for example, EIN in the United States).
- Applying for the mandatory licenses and permits.
Work on Your Online Store
Yes, we are using the term ‘work’ deliberately here. Because it’s not just about creating a store and then walking away. Sadly enough, we often run into eCommerce stores that look like some online waste, totally neglected and outdated. So before even getting started, take some time to reflect on your deepest motivation. Do you want to open a shop just to imitate others until you get bored of it within a few months? Or are you aiming for something more sustainable? Are you ready to follow and update your business on a daily or at least regular basis? Will you avoid being one of those sites still displaying obsolete/non-existent products and prices from 2003?
At this point, you will need a website. You may build it by yourself if you have the necessary skills and tools. You may also choose to work with a webmaster and/or developer. Such professionals can even guide you about which software you should choose. Indeed, platforms like Shopify, Squarespace, or BigCommerce are already able to handle many tasks for you. But you will still need some basic knowledge to use them properly.
Here are a few ‘must haves’ for your website:
- Attractive, speedy, and user-friendly interface.
- Visible and understandable buttons.
- SSL certificate to protect your clientele’s confidentiality (credit card information, etc.). Check what is SSL here for more details.
- Well-organized and well-categorized product pages.
- Exhaustive description for each product (properties, price, return policy, etc.).
- Various and flexible payment/shipment options.
- Links to other marketplaces like eBay and social media pages to reach more customers.
Also, if you want to sell on Shopify, you might be interested in our article on Shopify SEO services.
Indeed, this article was nothing but a foretaste. As you can see, eCommerce is, above all, about asking and answering the right questions. Now we suggest you return to the article’s first sections and start thinking. Spread your available cards on the table and see how you can turn them into a profitable project. Once you have managed to refine your ideas, you will be ready to materialize them. We wish you success in your online business journey.