What Is Competitive Analysis?

A competitive analysis is an essential part of marketing research for every company. This analysis allows companies to evaluate what makes their goods and services unique. Thus, they can easily determine the factors that attract their target markets. You should evaluate your competitors in the industry in which you operate together. Like your business, every company operates with many variables in a specific environment, and its environment can be stable or not. If your business is working in an unstable and unpredictable environment, it means that everything, especially your competitors, may change in leaps and bounds. That’s why you should identify your competitors’ market offerings, such as their products and services, profitability, current and previous strategies, size of their businesses, organizational structures, and SWOT analyses. Some specific points will help you obtain these variables more than ever. 

For a Better Analysis

  • Your current and potential competitors
  • Products, services, and experiences they sell
  • Every competitor’s market share in your industry
  • Competitors’ past and current strategies
  • Your competitor’s strengths, weaknesses, potential opportunities, and threats (SWOT analysis)
key elements for a better competitive analysis

Well, why should we prefer competitive analysis? We should “keep your friends close, but keep your enemies even closer.” When you start to operate in a new industry, you may not know who your enemies are. On the other side, if you are the leader of the industry in which you operate, the value of analyzing your competitors is limited because you are the guide.

You need to understand your target customers and the most appropriate market to succeed in your industry. You cannot serve all customers. If you try to do this, you may not serve any customers well. Instead, you would like to choose only customers you can serve well. After that, your goods and services will be appropriately positioned in the ecosystem of all market offerings. Whatever you do, other companies are out there providing similar market offerings to yours. In your marketplace, you need some information and insight to get an edge over it. Because of this, a well-designed competitive analysis helps you determine the strengths and weaknesses of your and your competitors’ businesses.

How to Conduct Your Competitive Analysis

As you know, competitive analysis is critical to surviving in the industry in which you operate. Here are some tips you can receive support;

how to conduct competitive analysis

Determine Your Current Competitors 

First things first. You need to determine your competitors before starting. The number of existing competitors depends on your industry.

Analyze and Compare Your Competitors’ Market Offerings

 To determine the current opportunities in your industry, you should analyze your competitors’ products and services. Are your competitors doing anything that you aren’t? You have your list of competitors. Now, it is time to start your competitive analysis. Before starting, you should obtain a general overview of your current competitors, including the size of their businesses, activities, and structures, such as:

  • Your competitors’ revenue 
  • Number of their current customers
  • Number of their employees
  • Information about key employees
  • Their market offerings, such as products, services, information, and even experiences
  • The areas in which they operate in
  • Websites and social media channels they own
  • The organizational structures and the history of their companies

Note that your competitors’ accounting information plays a critical role. You can look at their financial records and reports to obtain the information you need.

Messaging Channels

It is another way to gain information about how a company sees itself in its industry. Companies can prefer different messaging channels, such as social media platforms, brochures, emails, press appearances, or interviews given by employees. Each of these channels will give you a great insight into what your current competitors see as significant, their key factors, and the kind of audiences they are targeting. 

The 4 Ps of Marketing

The factors of the marketing mix are product, prices, promotion, and place. Thus, you should analyze all of these factors for understanding the marketing strategies of your competitors.

the 4ps of marketing mix
  • Product: You should know what your competitors are selling or providing services. You can examine these products or services in terms of strengths and weaknesses and features.
  • Prices: Of course, you and your competitors provide similar products and services, but pricing is one of the most important factors in conducting a well-designed competitive analysis. Compare your competitors’ market offerings with yours and understand whether the products and services are fairly priced.
  • Promotion: The best way to promote your products is through advertising. That’s why you should know what methods your competitors are using. You should have a surplus, not a deficiency about promotion. For instance, you can check their social media accounts. You can examine how they represent themselves and you can analyze their strategies.
  • Place: It is very important where or on which platform the products are sold is very important because it is an element that affects the strategies. By examining your competitors accordingly, you can discover the right method and grow your business.


Sometimes, you cannot decide what your competitors plan on doing, but you can guess by just looking at their recruitment pages. Your competitors’ job advertisements will give you information about their inner works. For instance, if one of your competitors is trying to hire many new salespeople, the company may want to attract a bunch of new customers’ attention.

SWOT Analysis of Your Competition

SWOT analysis has the initials of the words. a company’s strengths (S), weaknesses (W), opportunities (O), and threats (T). Okay, but, what is SWOT analysis in marketing? It is a brainstorming method for understanding the advantages and disadvantages of your company. Thus, you should combine SWOT Analysis and competitive analysis. You can identify your competitor in terms of marketing, products, customers, etc. Therefore, SWOT analysis will allow you to understand your competitors in detail and you can stand out by developing your strategy in this direction.

How Often Should You Analyze the Competitor?

If you are thinking to start a new business, you should analyze the competitors before you start but of course, you should continue to analyze all your business life. This applies to every business, whether it is a start-up or not. These analyzes should be done at every stage of your business life. You must do a competitor analysis on a large scale once a year and you should do a small-scale analysis four times a year. The essential point is to do these analyses regularly. You can adapt your schedule according to your sector, provided that it is regular.

How to Conduct a Competitive Analysis With Free Template

Prepare a list of competitors: Write your major competitors and people who could be a threat as a competitor.

how to conduct a competitive analysis with free template
  1. Divide them into two groups: The first group includes your current competitors, then the second group includes your aspirational competitors. The first one is your existing competitors that you are serving the same or similar products and services in the same area. The second group is companies you wish to compete for head to head. For instance, if you operate in the car industry, your aspirational competitor would be the VW Group.
  2. Obtain a free competitive analysis template: To save time, obtain all your competitors simultaneously and evaluate them at a glance, you can use an interactive PDF template. There are a lot of web pages where you can find the PDF template. 
  3. Work through the template: You can analyze your competitors’ purposes, missions, and visions, their work values, their strengths and weaknesses, your and your competitors’ differences and similarities, their external factors, such as threats and opportunities, their market offerings can be easily determined by just looking at the template. It will help you more than you can imagine.

Types of Competition

In every business environment, there are different kinds of competitors. These are direct and indirect competitors.

  • Direct competitors: These competitors provide the same or similar products and services in the same market. Their target customers and then these customers’ needs and wants are the same.
  • Indirect competitors: Companies that provide the same or similar products and services to you in the same industry. The difference between indirect and direct competitors is that indirect competitors offer their products for different needs and purposes. Also, their target customers are different than yours. Think about the alcohol industry. Suppose you sell different brands of beer. Your direct competitors would be someone who sells the same beer because the beer will be similarly priced and attract similar target audiences’ attention. On the other side, your indirect competitors would be someone who sells whisky. The whisky is different, while the target market is also different. However, your audiences can prefer to drink whisky that evening instead of your beer.

Competitive Analysis in Short

A competitive analysis is a process to determine your competitors and evaluate their current strategies to learn their strengths and weaknesses. The analysis concept may be simple, but its procedure is more complicated than you think. A good competitive analysis should cover a wide range of areas and variables. To conduct competitive research, you should follow some steps. Determine your competitors, check your competitors’ websites and their customer experiences, look at their pricing strategies, and review their social media accounts. These analyses, as mentioned, go hand in hand with SWOT analysis; therefore, we suggest you learn it immediately.

Frequently Asked Questions About

To prepare an effective marketing strategy for your business, you must consider your competitors and your customers because creating profitable customer relationships requires satisfying target consumers’ needs better than your competitors can do. Because of this, you need to analyze your competitors and develop competitive marketing strategies continuously.

SWOT analysis includes a company’s strengths (S), weaknesses (W), opportunities (O), and threats (T). As we said before, competitive analysis is the process of analyzing your competitors’ strengths and weaknesses. It involves what your competitors offer, how they offer their goods and services, and their customers’ experiences. When you analyze your competitors, you can determine your opportunities and threats because these are external factors resulting from your competitors’ behaviors and activities. To reach the perfect SWOT analysis of your business, competitive analysis is the key factor. Well, the answer is definitely, yes!

It depends on the situation you are in. For instance, competition helps us increase our creativity, productivity, and problem-solving skills. On the other side, you may go bankrupt if you can not adapt to your competitors and the changing environment.

Yes, we can list our competitors based on some basic criteria. For example, who are our strong and weak competitors? Who are our close and distant competitors? Who are our bad and good competitors?

Newer business models may differ from the older ones, but most of the time, business does not shy away from evaluating their chances. Therefore, although not mandatory, it is logical to implement such an analysis.

Gizem Akmanlı

Posts: 206

Jr. SEO Content Editor at Dopinger, Gizem Akmanlı graduated from Literature department. With her interest in content production and editing, she managed a blog for 5 years, then turned to digital marketing and started to develop herself in the field of SEO. She is a supporter of sustainable living... Read More

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