What Is Google Search Console? (+How Does It Work?)

Google Search Console (GSC) is a pivotal resource for anyone with a website. This free tool offered by Google is not just a technical suite for the SEO savvy but a comprehensive platform that empowers website owners, marketers, and content creators to monitor, maintain, and optimize their site’s presence in Google Search results. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a beginner in the digital realm, GSC offers invaluable insights into how your website is perceived by the world’s most powerful search engine. In this article, we delve into the heart of what is Google Search Console, exploring its functionalities, benefits, and the pivotal role it plays in steering your website’s journey through the vast ocean of online searches.

welcome to Google Search Console

What Is Google Search Console?

After some time since its release, Google Webmaster Tools (GWT) has become an essential tool for many professionals rather than just webmasters. SEO experts, marketing managers, web designers, company owners, app devs, etc., started to benefit from this service highly, and Google decided to upgrade its name in May 2015 to be more inclusive.

If you don’t really know what Google Webmaster Tools or Google Search Console is, let’s explain in detail. Google Search Console is an entirely free service by Google. It enables you to monitor, manage, and troubleshoot your site’s appearance in Google Search results. You don’t have to register to the Search Console to see your Google Search results. Still, Search Console assists you in understanding and improving how Google sees your site. You can also find useful data about the people who visit your website, e.g., how many people visit your website and how they find it if they visit your website on a desktop computer or mobile, and which pages receive the most clicks. You can find errors that your site has and fix them or submit a sitemap, too.

According to Google, whether you’re a business owner, SEO specialist, marketer, site administrator, web developer, or app creator, Search Console will be helpful to you. But even if you use platforms like Blogger, Wix, or Squarespace or run a small business, there are still benefits of using the Search Console.

If you’re willing to improve how your site appears on Google Search, and you have some time to spend on learning about search engine optimization (SEO) and Search Console, then keep on reading.

Before you can work on your data, you have to add and verify your site first. Add and verify your website in the Search Console to prove to Google that you’re a site owner, an authorized user, or a webmaster. Search Console gives you detailed information and insights about the performance of your website. 

how to improve performance

How Does Google Search Console Work?

Google Search Console works in 3 steps: Crawling, Indexing, and Serving. Crawling means following links to discover the essential pages on the web. There isn’t an automatic list that stores all web pages. Google must always search for new sites and add those to its known pages list. Crawling basically means this process of discovery. 

  • Pro Tips: Submit an individual URL to Google or make sure that some other site that Google already knows about links to your webpage.

Indexing means storing information about all the crawled websites. After a page’s discovery, Google attempts to learn what is the page’s content. We call this process “indexing.” Google examines the content catalogs of all the images and videos that are embedded on the given website. “Google index” stores this information, which is a vast database stored in many computers.

  • Pro Tips: To improve your page indexing, you can use short but meaningful page titles. These titles should make the reader understand what the content is about. 

Lastly, serving (or ranking) means determining what each page is about and how it should rank for relevant queries. When a user searches a question, Google seeks to get the most suitable result from its index. This action is based on various determinants. Google tries to arrange the highest quality answers. It considers other factors that will provide the best user experience and the most relevant results. Google also analyzes things such as the user’s location, language, and device (a computer or a mobile device). I.e, searching for “coffee shops” will show different results to a user in London than it would to a user in Istanbul. 

  • Pro Tips: Make your page fast-loading and mobile-friendly. Put valuable content on your page and keep it updated. Read and follow the Google Webmaster Guidelines to advance your serving and ranking.
key features of GSC

Key Features of Google Search Console

Google Search Console is a powerhouse of features designed to enhance your website’s performance in Google Search. Here’s a breakdown of its key features:

  • Performance Report: Provides insights into how your website performs in search results. Offers data on clicks, impressions, click-through rates (CTR), and the average position of your pages.
  • URL Inspection Tool: Delivers a detailed analysis of how Google views each URL on your site. Highlights any issues related to crawling, indexing, or security.
  • Sitemap Submission Feature: This allows you to inform Google directly about the structure of your site. Ensures that all your pages are discovered and indexed by Google.
  • Mobile Usability Report: Identifies pages on your site that are not mobile-friendly. Provides suggestions for making your site more accessible on mobile devices.
  • Manual Actions and Security Issues Sections: Offers alerts on actions required to maintain your site’s health and security. Helps in addressing potential risks and penalties.

Each of these features collectively makes Google Search Console a vital tool for managing and enhancing your website’s presence in Google Search, offering clear insights and actionable steps to optimize how your site is perceived and ranked.

Setting Up Google Search Console

Setting up Google Search Console is a straightforward yet vital process for any website owner looking to optimize their site’s performance in Google Search. The first step involves creating a Google Search Console account, which you can do using your existing Google account. Once you’ve logged in, you must add and verify your website. Google offers several verification methods, such as adding a unique code to your website’s header, using your Google Analytics or Google Tag Manager account, or uploading a specific file to your server. This verification process is crucial as it confirms your website ownership and grants you access to its detailed search data and insights.

After verification, you can start submitting your sitemaps, which helps Google more efficiently crawl and index your site. The console also prompts you to configure various settings, such as target country and preferred domain, which can further tailor the tool to your needs. By completing these steps, you unlock the full potential of Google Search Console, paving the way for detailed insights into your website’s search performance and actionable recommendations for improvement.

GSC performance report

Understanding GSC Reports and Metrics

Google Search Console offers various reports and metrics essential for optimizing your website’s search performance. Here’s a breakdown of the key ones:

  • Performance Report
    Clicks: Tracks the total number of clicks from Google search to your site.
    Impressions: Counts how often your site appears in search results.
    Click-Through Rate (CTR): Calculates the percentage of impressions that resulted in a click.
    Average Position: This shows the average ranking of the site in search results.
  • Coverage Report: Identifies pages on your site that Google could not index and provides reasons, helping you address potential issues.
  • Speed Report: Analyzing your pages’ loading speed is crucial for user experience and also search engine rankings.
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By regularly reviewing these reports and metrics, you can gain valuable insights about how your website is performing in Google Search. This enables you to identify successful strategies and improvement areas, helping you optimize your site for better search rankings and user engagement.

using Google Search Console for SEO

Using Google Search Console for SEO

Google Search Console is invaluable for enhancing your website’s Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategy. It provides key insights and actionable data that can significantly impact your site’s search performance. Here’s how you can utilize Google Search Console for effective SEO:

  • Identifying Top Performing Keywords: GSC lets you see which keywords bring the most traffic to your site. By understanding these, you can optimize your content to focus more on these high-performing keywords.
  • Improving Page Rankings: The tool provides data on your page’s current rankings in search results. You can use this information to identify pages that need improvement and adjust your SEO tactics accordingly.
  • Optimizing Mobile Performance: With the Mobile Usability report, GSC highlights issues affecting the mobile-friendliness of your pages, allowing you to make necessary adjustments for better performance on mobile devices.
  • Addressing Crawling and Indexing Issues: The Index Coverage report details any problems Google bots might have encountered while crawling and indexing your site. Addressing these issues ensures that all your valuable content is indexed and ranks in search results.
  • Enhancing User Experience: The Page Speed Insights in GSC provide critical information about your website’s loading times, enabling you to make optimizations for a faster, more efficient user experience.

By leveraging these features of Google Search Console, you can comprehensively enhance your website’s SEO. Regularly monitoring and applying insights from GSC to your SEO strategy ensures your website remains competitive and visible in Google Search results.


In conclusion, Google Search Console is a vital tool for managing your website’s presence in Google Search. It offers a range of features to help you understand your site’s performance, identify issues, and make informed decisions to improve your SEO strategy. That’s it! Now you know what GSC is and the basic logic behind how this tool works.

Frequently Asked Questions About

GSC is an entirely free service that enables you to monitor, manage, and troubleshoot your site’s appearance in search results.

Google Analytics is user-oriented, and it renders data about the customers who visit and interact with your site. GSC is search-engine focused and can help site owners improve visibility and presence in the SERPs.

Basically, using GSC allows you to see why your site is doing well (or poorly) in the organic results.

Ayşenur Tekin

Posts: 97

After graduating from Istanbul Aydin University, English Translation, and Interpreting department, Ayşenur Tekin is interested in writing and editing articles. She started her master's degree in New Media (at IAU) and started to gain knowledge in the fields of digital marketing and SEO. She is cur... Read More

4 Comments on What Is Google Search Console? (+How Does It Work?)

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  1. The Roar Farm Gir
    The Roar Farm Gir

    one of the best information you shared with us.

    • Gizem Akmanlı
      Gizem Akmanlı

      Thank you! You can also like our other articles.

  2. Sammy W.
    Sammy W.

    Fantastic article! I was always confused about what Google Search Console was and its purpose, but this piece cleared it up for me. The breakdown of the key features, especially the Performance Report and Mobile Usability, was incredibly helpful. Thanks for sharing such valuable insights!

  3. Toby C.
    Toby C.

    Great read! This article provided a thorough overview of Google Search Console. I particularly appreciated the explanations about the URL Inspection Tool and Sitemap Submission – areas I wasn’t too familiar with before. This has motivated me to start using GSC more effectively for my website. Thanks for the informative content!